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Capra Garrison

Capra Garrison, Registered Nurse, has more than 33 years of experience in infusion therapy and the instruction of licensed nurses in infusion therapy continuing education. Her experience comes from multiple infusion settings: acute care, ambulatory infusion centers, home infusion, long term care continuing education provider, and long term care pharmacy quality assurance consultant.

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Class Accreditation

All states recognize our courses for accredited continuing nursing education, CNE, contact hours. This course is accredited by the following boards:

Provider approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider # CEP 15467.

Provider approved by the Arkansas, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Carolina, and West Virginia Boards of Nursing through CE Broker, CE Provider #: 50-13256.  

Provider approved by the California Department of Public Health, Nurse Aide Certification (NAC) #7046.  This document must be retained by the certified nurse assistant for a period of four years after the course completion. Provider approved by the District of Columbia Board of Nursing Assistive Personnel, Florida Board of Nursing-Certified Nursing Assistants; CE Broker CE Provider #: 50-13256.   

Reducing Medication Errors: A Focus on the Med Pass

Contact Hours: 3.5
Cost: $42.00

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Reducing Medication Errors: A Focus on the Med Pass
Recent studies have shed light on the growing problem of medication errors within our healthcare system. It is important that all healthcare providers be familiar with the extent of the problem, both the high error rates and the potentially serious consequences. This knowledge is needed to facilitate active participation in implementing effective strategies and changes in attitudes to decrease these error rates. Errors are, in effect, a breakdown of a system and not the sole responsibility of any one individual. Designed for the licensed nurse and certified medication aide, this course will provide information on the scope of the problem, the cause, and the prevention of medication errors. With a focus on the current best practices of medication preparation and administration and will enhance understanding of the survey process and remedies the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) may enforce. The goal is to reduce facility medication error rates in order to provide safe medication administration to residents.

This course would be excellent for survey readiness review or for facilities that have received F-tags regarding medication administration and serves as “Plan of Correction” directed education.


Upon completion of this course, the participant will be able to:

  1. Define a medication error
  2. List the stages of the medication use process in which they participate
  3. Identify 6 medication error causes and contributing factors
  4. Describe 3 prevention strategies of medication errors
  5. Accurately calculate medication error rate
  6. Describe 3 remedies available to the state for penalty of a deficiency
  7. State the importance of internal and external error reporting


Chapter 1: Prevalence
  • Background
  • Definitions
  • Long Term Care Facilities

Chapter 2: Origination

  • Stages of Medication Use Process
  • Prevention of Medication Errors Videos

Chapter 3: Causes

  • Causes and Contributing Factors
    • Drug Interactions
    • Failure to Monitor
    • High Alert Medications
    • Look Alike and Sound Alike Medications
    • Abbreviations and Symbols
    • Decimal Points
    • Measurements
    • Specific Error Prone Medications

Chapter 4: The Nurse and Certified Medication Aides Role in Prevention

  • Prevention Strategies
    • The Rights
    • Transcriptions of Orders to the MAR
    • Reference the Medication
    • Timing of Medication Administration
    • Verifying Allergies and Reactions
    • Medication Interactions and Incompatibilities
    • Medication Reconciliation
  • Prevention Strategies  for High-Alert Medications

Chapter 5: Best Practice in Medication Preparation and the Medication Pass

  • Best Practices of the Medication Pass
  • Medication Pass Observation Tool

Chapter 6: Recommended Procedures for Medication Administration

  • Eye Drop/Ointment Administration Procedure
  • Insulin Administration Procedure
  • Metered Dose Inhaler Administration Procedure
  • Nasal Medications Administration Procedure
  • Transdermal Patch Administration Procedure
  • Administration of Medications via a Feeding Tube

Chapter 7: CMS Guidelines and Medication Error Rates

  • Scope and Severity
  • Enforcement Remedies
  • Medication Error Rate Calculations
  • Significant and Non-significant Medication Errors

Chapter 8: Reporting

  • Individual Healthcare Provider Accountability
  • External Reporting
  • Internal Reporting